BTHA Guidance

Toy Safety

Toy Safety

Safety in all aspects of toy design and manufacturing, is the biggest priority for us and our members. To ensure that children can enjoy playing with our members toys safely, members are required to adhere to our Code of Practice, and ensure that all products conform to UK standards and the EU’s Toy Safety Directive.


Safety in the design and manufacture of toys is the BTHA’s highest priority and all members of the BTHA are required to adhere to the Code of Practice and ensure that all products conform to all application legislation.


The toy industry also has to take into consideration the following pieces of legislation and further standardisation:

BTHA Standards List for Toys and related products categories

The above list gives examples of the legislation that may be applied to toys and toy related categories. It is not exhaustive. Companies must ensure the appropriate legislation is applied to their products.  Full members have access to this list of standards via the British Standards Online (BSOL) service.

EU Directives and UK Legislation related to toys

All toys must comply with the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC.

It is also a requirement that members take prompt and effective action should any of their products breach current safety codes or develop a fault which renders them unsafe. In such cases, and when an enforcement authority makes any allegation of contravention of the toy safety regulations, they are obliged to advise the Association. The reputation of the BTHA and its members depends on our safety record and the remit of the BTHA, therefore, extends beyond simple adherence to codes and regulations and embraces a wide variety of safety-related issues.

The Toy Safety Technical Matters (TSTM) committee exists to co-ordinate these toy safety activities and to provide BTHA representation at all relevant national and international committees, working parties and conferences.

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Toy Safety Directive

The Toy Safety Directive (2009/48/EC) was adopted by the European Parliament on 18 December 2008 and the final text was formally adopted and published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJ) on 30 June 2009. The Directive came into force in two stages on 20 July 2011 and for the chemical requirements on 20 July 2013.

A series of guides have been produced by the BTHA to help members and other stakeholders understand their obligations under the Directive. The guides have been made as short and simple as possible to be practical for SMEs (Small to Medium Enterprises).

The guides should always be read in conjunction with the Directive. Other EU Commission guides are also available on the Europa website and these should also be read in conjunction with BTHA information.  The “blue guide” should also be read in conjunction with these documents as it contains more details concerning certain aspects e.g. the free movement of goods.

1. Introduction to the Toy Safety Directive

2. Obligations of Economic Operators

3. Technical Documentation

4. Markings & Warnings

5. Conformity of Series Production

6. Safety Assessments

7. Product Monitoring

8. Conformity Assessments

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Chemical Guidance

Toys are required to comply with many chemical standards, regulations and directives.  The requirements are for both safety and environmental aspects of toys. The BTHA has produced guidance, tools and provides services to enable members to understand the requirements and how they are able to demonstrate compliance.

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Electrical toys and supplied batteries are subject to standards, regulations and directives. These requirements cover both safety and environmental aspects of toys. Electrical toys and batteries are also subject to environmental recycling requirements.

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Safety Standards

This section covers BTHA full member access to British Standards Online and information on the BTHA interpretations group.

British Standards Online

The BTHA is pleased to offer our full members’ view-only access to standards via the British Standards Online (BSOL) service. The British Standards Institute (BSI) is dedicated to helping organisations ‘make excellence a habit’ and through the partnership with the BTHA provides access to the key toy safety standards that can help the UK toy industry to develop and grow.

Using standards can offer a set of powerful business and marketing tools for organisations of all sizes. You can use them to fine tune your performance and manage the risks you face while operating in more efficient and sustainable ways. They will allow you to demonstrate the quality of what you do to your customers and they help you to see how to embed best practice into your organisation.

Many members will spend a considerable sum each year on relevant BSI standards, and this service allows our members to access a selection of toy safety related standards as determined by BTHA with view-only access.

Full members are able to visit login to BSOL to view a selection of standards that cover toys and toy safety. These standards will be available to view online but will not allow members to download or print the documents.

Your access to BSOL will allow you to:

  • Have view-only access to key British standards in the BTHA subscription
  • Set up notifications on key standards areas
  • Search and browse the bibliographical information for the full collection of 60,000 documents
  • Use the Toy Safety Advisory Service for advice on standards

What are the limitations?

  • View-only access means the printing and downloading functionality has been disabled for BTHA members
  • Access to BSOL is governed by its terms and conditions
  • Authorised users (members) only are provided access and passwords and are not to be shared to non-members of the BTHA or others within your organisation

What standards can I see?

A list of up to 200 selected standards.
Preview the BTHA subscription list of standards below (you must be logged in to view).

List of Standards

What happens if there is a standard I need but it is not on the BTHA subscription?

The list of accessible standards in the BTHA subscription should cover the majority of members’ needs for toys, nursery and related electrical items. However, if an additional standard is requested it can be added to the list if considered useful for other members. Please contact to make your request. Where a standard cannot be added as it falls outside the toy safety related category, or you require a hard copy of the standard, please contact BSI to purchase it directly:
+44 (0) 845 086 9001

If you have a wider requirement for standards, a larger BSOL subscription or want to have full access instead of view-only please contact or call 03450869001.

What else can I do?

In addition to the standards, members can create My Notifications, an e-mail notification service to track when standards change. This can help members to meet their legal requirements relating to monitoring and using the latest product standards.

What else can I see?

The full listing of more than 60,000 other standards and standards-related documents, including bibliographical information, can also be seen, and if needed, purchased directly from BSI.

Do I need a password?

Please see the registration guide for new users below if you are a new user to the system.

BTHA Registration Guide for new users 


Why can’t I get access sometimes?

To keep costs acceptable the BTHA subscription allows up to 10 members to use the service at the same time. There may be times when members will need to wait for a short time before getting access. This will be reviewed regularly with BS Online to ensure that members are not disadvantaged.

Why can’t I see EU Directives?

Directives are free to download from the Europa website (this is where the most commonly used Directives that are often linked to toys can be found).

Why can’t I see UK Regulations?

UK Regulations and related guidance documents are free to download from the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) website.

How do I use BSOL?

Help documents exist on the BSOL website. The entry page has access to online demonstrations. If you have any questions there is a BSI helpline number and email address.
+44 (0)845 086 9001

UK Interpretations Group

The BTHA hosts the UK Interpretations Committee and has invited test laboratories, manufacturers, importers and retailers to identify interpretation issues experienced when using published standards and Directives.

These deliberations result in published interpretations documents which are often forwarded to standards’ committees for review. Where it is considered useful, an interim interpretation is given by the UK interpretation committee.

Users of interpretations should always refer to the latest standards first and should be aware that there are CEN reports CEN/TR 15371: Part 1 and Part 2 which should be read before using any interpretations published here as interpretations given in the CEN report take precedence over those given by the UK Interpretations Committee.

View Interpretations


Developments and amendments

The BTHA provides information on any developments and amendments that are taking place for the EN71 series of toys standards, EN62115 electrical standard for toys and the PD EN 15371 electrical standard and the published documents PD 15371 concerning interpretations of toy standards. This information is normally undated 3 times a year. With regards to published standards, full members can benefit from the BTHA Standards Service which give full members access to toy safety related standards via British Standards Online (BSOL).

BTHA Standards Update Sheet October 2019

EN62115 Toy Safety update 2020 - Electrical Toys

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USA Toy Safety Guidance

Toy Safety legislation in the United States is complex, as there are both federal laws (applying to the whole of the US) and individual state laws to consider.

This guide covers only the federal requirements for toys intended for use in play by children under 14 years of age and is intended to help UK companies wishing to sell their product in the US.

This guide does not cover individual state requirements.

View International Guidance